COMPARATIVE LITERATURE AND FOREIGN LANGUAGES

Faculty
The UC Tri-Campus Graduate Program in Classics
About the Programs | Undergraduate Curriculum

Thomas F. Scanlon, Ph.D., Chair
Department Office, 2402 Humanities and Social Sciences
(909) 787-5007; http://www.ucr.edu/CHSS/depts/litlang/Lit&LangHome.html

Professors
David K. Danow, Ph.D. Russian and Comparative Literature
Reinhold Grimm, Ph.D. Comparative Literature and German
Georg M. Gugelberger, Ph.D. Comparative Literature
Jules F. Levin, Ph.D. Linguistics and Russian
Thomas F. Scanlon, Ph.D. Classics and Comparative Ancient Civilizations
George E. Slusser, Ph.D. Comparative Literature
Zhang Longxi, Ph.D. Comparative Literature

Professors Emeriti
Anastasius C. Bandy, Ph.D. Classics
Sam J. Borg, Ph.D. French
Donald G. Daviau, Ph.D. German
Henry W. Decker, Ph.D. French
Robert B. Griffin, Ph.D. Comparative Literature and French
Keith H. Macfarlane, Ph.D. French
Eliud Martínez, Ph.D. Comparative Literature(Comparative Literature and Foreign Languages and Creative Writing)
Louis A. Pedrotti, Ph.D. Russian
Josef Purkart, Ph.D. German
Lubomir Radoyce, M.A. Comparative Literature and Russian
Guenther C. Rimbach, Ph.D. German
Ben F. Stoltzfus, Ph.D., Litt.D. Comparative Literature and French(Comparative Literature and Foreign Languages and Creative Writing)

Associate Professors
Stephanie B. Hammer, Ph.D. Comparative Literature and German
Kathleen A. McHugh, Ph.D. Comparative Literature and Film and Visual Culture
Vivian-Lee Nyitray, Ph.D. Asian Languages and Civilizations (Comparative Literature and Foreign Languages and Religious Studies)
Theda Shapiro, Ph.D. French
Yenna Wu, Ph.D. Asian Languages and Civilizations
Yang Ye, Ph.D. Asian Languages and Civilizations

Assistant Professors
Christopher Bolton, Ph.D. Japanese
Michelle E. Bloom, Ph.D. Comparative Literature and French

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Lecturers
Jingsong Chen, Ph.D. Chinese
Yoshiko T. Hain, M.A. Japanese
Benjamin King, Ph.D. Classics
Nicoletta Tinozzi Mehrmand, Ph.D. Italian
Sylvia Ochs, M.A. German
Wendy J. Raschke, Ph.D. Classics and Comparative Ancient Civilizations
Kyoko Sagawa, M.A. Japanese
Kelle S. Truby, Ph.D. French
Heidi Waltz, Ph.D. Linguistics and German


MAJORS

The Department of Comparative Literature and Foreign Languages offers courses and degree programs in Western and non-Western national literatures, languages, and civilizations. It also has programs in Comparative Literature (including World Literature), in Comparative Ancient Civilizations, and in Linguistics. Its programs encourage a wide variety of both disciplinary and interdisciplinary interests. The Department believes in the importance of offering fundamental training in the humanities in their own literary and linguistic contexts as well as in their cultural and interdisciplinary dimensions. Accordingly, students may obtain degrees or take courses in a specialized field, while at the same time enhancing the breadth of their education within and outside of the Department.

Courses are also offered in Italian language, literature, and civilization. Italian courses do not comprise a degree program. Students interested in arranging an individual major should contact the departmental Student Affairs Officer.

The department offers the following majors leading to the B.A. degree.

CHINESE

The B.A. in Chinese is for the student interested in the study of the Chinese language and Chinese culture or literature.

(a)  The Chinese Language and Literature Option is designed for students who wish to pursue graduate studies in the field.

(b)  The Chinese Language and Culture Option is for students who want to approach Chinese culture and civilization in greater breadth.

CLASSICAL STUDIES

The B.A. in Classical Studies combines the study of Greek and/or Latin language and literature with courses which explore the historical, philosophical, political, and cultural developments of Greece and Rome and their impact on Western civilization.

COMPARATIVE ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS

Students employ the methods of humanities and social sciences in the comparison study of several major cultures of the past. Majors will acquire skills of historical and social analysis, multicultural awareness, and insight into constructions of civilizations in general.

COMPARATIVE LITERATURE

While students majoring in Comparative Literature must have a knowledge of the languages involved in the literatures of their choice, Comparative Literature courses themselves are open to all students. All work is done in translation and the courses are given in English. Students take both Comparative Literature and World Literature courses for the major. World Literature courses do not comprise a degree program; the topics are more general than those in Comparative Literature and include a whole range of interdisciplinary studies on the interrelations of literature.

The department offers a B.A. degree in Comparative Literature and well as M.A. and Ph. D. graduate degrees.

FRENCH, GERMAN, AND RUSSIAN STUDIES

The B.A. degree is offered in French, German, and Russian Studies. Students interested in pursuing graduate studies in areas not offering the M.A. or Ph.D. may do so through the graduate program in Comparative Literature. Requirements for degrees include proficiency in the language of the literature.

(a)  The Literature Option is available for majors in French and German.

(b)  The Language Option is available for majors in German.

(c)  The Civilization Option is available for majors in French, and German. Civilization studies are concerned with the culture of the language or literature of a student focus, and with the people of the country where that language or literature exists or existed. Specific requirements for the various civilization options are listed under French, and German.

LANGUAGE

The Language Major allows a student to specialize in two or three foreign languages through a knowledge not only of the languages themselves but also of the bases of language (linguistics), examples of their creative use (literature), and the cultures which they reflect (civilization).

LINGUISTICS

A B.A. in Linguistics is available through a program administered, like Comparative Literature, by an interdepartmental committee. Some foreign language study is essential for specialization in this discipline, as well as the pursuit of research projects and other kinds of practical work in linguistic-related areas.

OTHER COURSE WORK

The Department also offers course work in Asian literature, Chinese (language, literature, and culture), Civilization, Italian (language and literature), Japanese (language, literature, and culture), Korean (language), and World Literature. Doctoral studies in French and German are available through Comparative Literature.

MINORS 

GRADUATE DEGREES

TEACHING ASSISTANTSHIPS AND FELLOWSHIPS

Teaching assistantships and fellowships are available. Teaching assistants will normally be held for LTLG 301 (Teaching of Foreign Language at the College Level). Course work and/or teaching experience at another college-level institution may be accepted in fulfillment of this requirement.

TEACHING CREDENTIAL

Students interested in obtaining a secondary teaching credential in the State of California are advised that the Department, in conjunction with the School of Education, offers state-approved credential waiver in multiple subjects credential.

EDUCATION ABROAD PROGRAM

The Comparative Literature and Foreign Languages Department encourages eligible students to participate in the Education Abroad Program (EAP). The EAP is an excellent opportunity to travel and learn more about another country and its culture while taking courses which earn units towards graduation. Because the choice of courses to be taken here and courses to be taken abroad depends on personal goals and the country visited, early planning is advised. For advice consult the departmental Student Affairs Officer or Professor Shapiro for assistance. For further details see Education Abroad Program under International Services Center in the Student Services section of this catalog. A list of participating countries is found under Education Abroad Program in the Curricula and Courses section.

DEGREE REQUIREMENTS

UNIVERSITY REQUIREMENTS

General University requirements are Universitywide requirements which all undergraduates must satisfy. See the Undergraduate Studies section for a complete listing.

COLLEGE REQUIREMENTS

Students must fulfill all breadth requirements of the College of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences. For a detailed list of requirements and a summary of units, see Degree Requirements under College of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences in the Undergraduate Studies section of this catalog.

MAJOR REQUIREMENTS

Requirements for the majors and courses offered are described in the sections that follow.

PROGRAM COMMITTEES

THE UC TRI-CAMPUS GRADUATE PROGRAM IN CLASSICS

(UC Irvine, UC Riverside, and UC San Diego)

The University of California Tri-Campus graduate program is a joint venture that combines faculty in Classics and related disciplines from the three southernmost University of California campuses.

Students accepted into the program may enroll at any of the three campuses, but they will normally apply for admission to the Tri-Campus program through UC Irvine, which is the main location for instruction and administration. Applications to the Tri-Campus program will be reviewed by an admissions committee composed of faculty members from all three campuses.

The goal of the program is to provide a graduate education that unites the main currents of modern literary, cultural, and social-scientific theory with the traditional skills and methodologies of classical philology. Candidates for degrees are expected to exhibit facility in Greek and Latin, competence in research, including theoretical approaches to texts and objects, technical mastery of computing for research and teaching, and experience in teaching.

These goals are realized through the four core courses (CLA 200A, CLA 200B, CLA 200C, and CLA 201), seminars (CLA 220) and reading courses (CLA 205).

All students are admitted into the Ph.D. program. With the exception of those granted advanced standing because they hold the M.A. degree in Classics from another institution, entering students are concurrently enrolled in the M.A. program.

MASTER'S DEGREE

The requirements for the M.A. degree are two years (six quarters) of course work, passage of a special set of examinations, and completion of a Master's paper. The expected time for completion of the M.A. degree is two years. The normal course load is three 200-level courses each quarter. Minimum course requirements are four quarters of CLA 200A, CLA 200B, CLA 200C, and CLA 201; four quarters of CLA 205; and four quarters of CLA 220. (CLA 280 may be substituted for these courses at the discretion of the faculty.) A reading knowledge of either German, French, Italian, or equivalent language, demonstrated by examination or other means, is a also a requirement.

DOCTORAL DEGREE

The requirements for the Ph.D. degree are three years (nine quarters) of course work. Minimum course requirements are four quarters of CLA 200A, CLA 200B, CLA 200C, and CLA 201; five quarters of CLA 205; and six quarters of CLA 220 or an equivalent course. (CLA 280 may be substituted for these courses at the discretion of the Program faculty.) Students are encouraged to take courses and seminars in relevant areas outside the program at any of the three campuses.

Students must demonstrate reading proficiency in a second modern language by the end of the third year. At this stage, and during the fourth year of study, students are expected to have read extensively in the primary texts and in literary history and theory and in ancient history. In addition, experience in supervised teaching and/or research activity is normally required. To qualify as a candidate for the Ph.D. and enter the dissertation stage, a student must pass an individually designed set of qualifying examinations, including translation examinations in Greek and Latin, written examinations or lengthy papers in special authors and field, and an oral examination. The expected time for the completion of the Ph.D. is six years.

The facilities, course offerings, programs, and individual faculty mentorship of all three campuses are available to students in the Tri-Campus degree program. The resources of the program are enhanced through a cooperative teaching arrangement among the Tri-Campus program and the Classics graduate program of UC Los Angeles and the University of Southern California.

FACULTY
Thomas F. Scanlon, Ph.D. Professor of Classics, and Program Director, UCRGreek and Roman Historiography, Ancient Athletics
Georgios Anagnostopoulos, Ph.D. Professor of Philosophy, UCSDAncient Greek Philosophy, Ethics, Metaphysics
Luci Berkowitz, Ph.D. Professor Emerita of Classics, UCIGreek Literary History, Computer Application to Literature
Theodore F. Brunner, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus of Classics, UCIComputer Application to Classical Literature
Charles Chamberlain, Ph.D. Lecturer in Classics and Comparative Literature, UCSDGreek and Latin Literature, Aristotle, Poetics
Cynthia L. Claxton, Ph.D. Lecturer in Classics, and graduate teaching supervisor, UCIGreek prose, Historiography
Walter Donlan, Ph.D. Professor of Classics, graduate advisor, UCIEarly Greek literature, Greek Social History
Page duBois, Ph.D. Professor of Classics and Comparative Literature, UCSDGreek Literature, Rhetoric, Critical Theory, Cultural Studies
Anthony Edwards, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Classics and Comparative Literature, UCSDEpic, Greek Comedy, Critical Theory
Leslie Collins Edwards, Ph.D. Lecturer in Classics and Comparative Literature, UCSDHomer, Greek Drama, Education in Ancient Greece
William Fitzgerald, Ph.D. Professor of Classics and Comparative Literature, UCSDLatin Literature, Classical and Modern Poetry, Critical Theory
Richard I. Frank, Ph.D. Associate Professor of History and Classics, UCIRoman history, Latin Elegy and Satire, Classical Tradition
David Glidden, Ph.D. Professor of Philosophy, UCRGreek and Roman Philosophy
Anna Gonosová, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Art History, UCIByzantine and Medieval Art
Edward N. Lee, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus of Philosophy, UCSDGreek Philosophy, Plato
Marianne McDonald, Ph.D. Professor of Theatre and Classics, UCSDGreek and Roman Theatre, Ancient Drama in Modern Plays, Film, and Opera
Margaret M. Miles, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Art History, UCIGreek and Roman Art and Archaeology, Ancient Sicily, Greek Religion
Alden A. Mosshammer, Ph.D. Professor of History, UCSDEarly Christian Thought, Greek Chronography, Early Greek History
Sheldon Nodelman, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Visual Arts, UCSDClassical Art and Architecture, Roman Portraiture, Critical Theory
Maria C. Pantelia, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Classics, and Director, Thesaurus Linguae Graecae, UCIGreek Epic Poetry, Hellenistic Poetry, Computer Applications to Classics
Wendy Raschke, Ph.D. Lecturer in Classics, UCR Roman Satire, Greek Art and Archaeology
B. P. Reardon, D.U. Professor Emeritus of Classics, UCI Late Greek Literature, Ancient Novel
Michele Salzman, Ph.D. Associate Professor of History, UCR Late Antiquity; Roman History and Literature, Religion, Women's Studies
Gerasimos Santas, Ph.D. Professor of Philosophy, UCI Ancient Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ethics
Gary Shiffman, Ph.D. Assistant Professor of Political Science, UCSD Greek Political Theory
Patrick Sinclair, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Classics, UCI Roman Historiography, Latin Lexicography, Rhetoric
Dana F. Sutton, Ph.D. Professor of Classics, UCI Greek and Latin drama, Greek poetry, Anglo-Latin Literature
Eliot Wirshbo, Ph.D. Lecturer in Classics and Comparative Literature, UCSDGreek Epic, Folklore


GRADUATE COURSES

The following courses are taught at the UC Irvine campus.

CLA 200A. Contemporary Literary Theory and the Classics. (4)

An introduction to contemporary literary theory, focusing on important critical approaches to the literary texts. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

CLA 200B. Historical Perspectives on Classical Antiquity. (4)

Examines ways in which Classical texts and ideas have been received and appropriated for the diverse purposes of ancient and subsequent cultures. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

CLA 200C. Greece and Rome in their Contemporary Cultural Contexts. (4)

An introduction to the methods and perspectives of social scientific theory which can be used to study the material and social dimensions of the cultures of ancient Greece and Rome. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

CLA 201. Computing in Classical Studies. (4)

An introduction to the latest methods of computing for research and teaching. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

CLA 205. Concurrent Readings. (2)

Concurrent enrollment with advanced undergraduate courses (either Greek 105 or Latin 105) with enhanced readings and separate examinations. May be repeated for credit as topics vary.

CLA 220. Classics Graduate Seminar. (4)

Subject matter variable; mainly but not exclusively major literary topics. May be repeated for credit as topics vary. Same as Art History 295 when topic is appropriate.

CLA 280. Independent Study. (4)

Supervised independent research. Subject varies.

CLA 290. Research in Classics. (4-4-4) F,W,S

CLA 299. Dissertation Research (4-12) F,W S

May be repeated for credit. Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory Only.

CLA 399. University Teaching. (4-4-4) F,W,S

Required of and limited to Teaching Assistants.


ASIAN LANGUAGES AND CIVILIZATIONS


ASIAN LITERATURE

Subject abbreviation: ALT


UPPER-DIVISION COURSES

ALT 121. Masterworks of East Asian Literature. (4)

Lecture, three hours; extra reading, three hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. An introduction to ancient and modern East Asian literature with emphasis on some major works of Chinese, Japanese, and Korean literature in translation. Cross-listed with AST 121.

ALT 131. Women in Asian Literature. (4)

Lecture, three hours; individual study, three hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. This course is a cross-cultural study of Asian women through the analysis of literary works including drama, fiction, and diaries in both classical and modern literature in China, Japan, Korea, and India. All readings are in English translations. Cross-listed with AST 131.


CHINESE (MANDARIN)

Subject abbreviation: CHN


Attention is directed to the Education Abroad Programs in China (including Hong Kong) and Taiwan. Contact International Services for information, (909) 787-4113.

MAJOR

The Chinese major is for students interested in the study of the Chinese language and Chinese culture or literature. Students should consult their advisors to design a set of courses on one of the following tracks. Track A is for students who may wish to pursue graduate studies in the field. Track B is for students who may want to approach Chinese culture and civilization in greater breadth.

Track A: Chinese Language and Literature

Students who major in Track A will be expected to have completed their third-year level of Chinese (CHN 101 series) or else to demonstrate equivalent proficiency. Proficiency can be demonstrated by placement examination, by challenging and testing out of CHN 101 series, or by successful completion of CHN 105, CHN 108, CHN 110 (E-Z), or CHN 115 (E-Z). Students will also complete a minimum of 44 units, distributed under the following three categories:

1.  Twenty (20) units of upper-division courses in Chinese language, taught in Chinese:

  CHN 105CHN 108CHN 110 (E-Z)* (students may take more   than one segment) CHN 115 (E-Z)* (students may take more   than one segment)

2.  Sixteen (16) units of upper-division literature courses drawn from the following (students may take more than one segment of courses with (E-Z) designation):

  CHN 104CHN 110 (E-Z)* (students may take more   than one segment) CHN 115 (E-Z)* (students may take more   than one segment)CHN 130A/AST 130ACHN 130B/AST 130BCHN 130C/AST 130CCHN 135/AST 135CHN 136/AST 136CHN 142/RLST 142/AST 142**CHN 148/AST 148CHN 185/AST 185CHN 190 (may be repeated on   different topics)

3.  Eight (8) units drawn from the following list, or any other course related to China, with advisor's consent:

  AHS 139/AST 139AHS 140/AST 140AHS 141/AST 141AHS 143/AST 143ALT 121/AST 121ALT 131/AST 131CHN 142/RLST 142/AST 142**CPLT 144/RLST 144HIST 180HIST 181HIST 182RLST 103

Track B: Chinese Language and Culture

Students who major in Track B will be expected to have completed the third-year level of Chinese (CHN 101 series) or else to demonstrate equivalent proficiency. Proficiency can be demonstrated by placement examination, by challenging and testing out of CHN 101 series, or by successful completion of CHN 105, CHN 108, CHN 110 (E-Z), or CHN 115 (E-Z). Students will also complete a total number of 48 units, distributed under the following two categories:

1.  Twenty (20) units of upper-division courses in Chinese language, taught in Chinese:

  CHN 105CHN 108CHN 110 (E-Z)* (students may take more   than one segment) CHN 115 (E-Z)* (students may take more   than one segment)

2.  Culture and Civilization requirement: Twenty-eight (28) units of upper-division courses from the following courses, or any other course related to China, with advisor's consent:

  AHS 139/AST 139AHS 140/AST 140AHS 141/AST 141AHS 143/AST 143ALT 121/AST 121ALT 131/AST 131CHN 104CHN 110 (E-Z)* (students may take more   than one segment) CHN 115 (E-Z)* (students may take more   than one segment)CHN 130A/AST 130ACHN 130B/AST 130BCHN 130C/AST 130CCHN 135/AST 135CHN 136/AST 136CHN 142/RLST 142/AST 142**CHN 148/AST 148CHN 185/AST 185CHN 190 (may be repeated on   different topics)CPLT 144/RLST 144HIST 180HIST 181HIST 182RLST 103

*  These courses may be used to fulfill the requirements under either category (a) or category (b), but not both.

**  This course may be used to fulfill requirements under either category (b) or category (c), but not both.

MINOR

The Chinese minor provides students the opportunity to complement their majors in different areas, such as Anthropology, Art History, Dance, Economics, History, Liberal Studies, Political Science, Religious Studies, etc., with basic communication skills and understanding of Chinese language and culture.

Students will be expected to have completed the third-year level of Chinese (CHN 101 series) or else to demonstrate equivalent proficiency. Proficiency can be demonstrated by placement examination, by challenging and testing out of CHN 101 series, or by successful completion of CHN 105, CHN 108, CHN 110 (E-Z), or CHN 115 (E-Z). Students will also complete a total number of 16 upper-division units, distributed as follows:

1.  Eight (8) units drawn from the following courses: CHN 105, CHN 108, CHN 110 (E-Z), or CHN 115 (E-Z) (Students may take more than one segment)

2.  Eight (8) units drawn from the following courses, or any other course related to China, with advisor's consent:

See Minors under the College of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences in the Undergraduate Studies section of this catalog for additional information on minors.


LOWER-DIVISION COURSES

CHN 001-CHN 002-CHN 003. First-Year Chinese. (4-4-4)

Lecture, four hours. Prerequisite(s): none for CHN 001, CHN 001 or equivalent for CHN 002, CHN 002 or equivalent for CHN 003. An introduction to the sound system and grammar of Chinese, with attention to the development of the four skills: understanding, speaking, reading and writing. Classes conducted in Chinese insofar as possible. Audio-lingual learning materials available in the language laboratory.

CHN 004-CHN 005-CHN 006. Second-Year Chinese. (4-4-4)

Lecture, four hours. Prerequisite(s): CHN 003 or equivalent for CHN 004; CHN 004 or equivalent for CHN 005; CHN 005 or equivalent for CHN 006. This comprehensive course on Chinese covers reading, listening, speaking, and writing aspects of the language. Lectures will be conducted primarily in Putonghua (Mandarin) and when necessary in English. The textbooks are in the standardized simplified characters.

CHN 025. Conversation and Composition. (4)

Lecture, three hours; extra reading, three hours. Prerequisite(s): CHN 003 or equivalent. Practice at the intermediate level in speaking and writing Chinese. Regular discussion and oral presentation of assigned written topics. A review of basic grammar with an aim to active oral and written command.

CHN 030. Introduction to Chinese Civilization. (4)

Lecture, two hours; discussion, one hour; extra reading, three hours. Prerequisite(s): none. An introduction to Chinese civilization through an interplay of philosophical, historical, religious, and literary readings from the ancient times through the modern age. Audiovisual media is used. All work is done in English. Cross-listed with AST 030.

CHN 040. Masterworks of Chinese Literature. (4)

Lecture, three hours; outside research, three hours. Prerequisite(s): none. Reading and discussion of selected great works of Chinese literature (in English translation) with attention to cultural contexts. Various critical methods and approaches are used. Cross-listed with AST 040.

CHN 048. Chinese Cinema. (4)

Lecture, two hours; discussion, one hour; screening, two hours; outside research, one hour. Prerequisite(s): none. Study of selected films from China and Taiwan with attention to cultural context. Questions addressed may include the following: What do we look for in a film? What are the film's interrelations with theatre, photography, and literature? How do we understand the film as an art form? Cross-listed with AST 048.

CHN 090. Special Studies. (1-5)

Individual study, three to fifteen hours. To be taken with the consent of the Chair of the Department as means of meeting special curricular problems in either language or literature. Course is repeatable.


UPPER-DIVISION COURSES

CHN 101A-CHN 101B-CHN 101C. Third-Year Chinese. (4-4-4)

Lecture, three hours; individual study, three hours. Prerequisite(s): CHN 006 for CHN 101A; CHN 101A for CHN 101B; CHN 101B for CHN 101C (or equivalent or consent of instructor for each course). A continuation of studies in the modern Chinese vernacular. Besides textbook readings, different styles of writing derived from newspaper columns, Marvel comics, and short stories are explored. Frequent exercises in English-Chinese translation and free composition.

CHN 104. Introduction to Classical Chinese Texts. (4)

Lecture, three hours; consultation, one hour. Prerequisite(s): CHN 003 or equivalent or consent of instructor. Introduction to classical Chinese philosophical and historical texts. Readings of primary source materials and analysis of grammar and usage. Class is conducted in English.

CHN 105. Classical Chinese Prose. (4)

Lecture, three hours; term paper, three hours. Prerequisite(s): CHN 006 or equivalent. Close reading of selected texts from the Han and pre-Han period, chosen to illustrate the main features of the Chinese Ku-wen (classical prose).

CHN 107. Taoist Traditions. (4)

Lecture, three hours; individual study, three hours. Prerequisite(s): AST 030/CHN 030 or upper-division standing or consent of instructor. A survey of the ancient mystical and philosophical aspects of Taoism as well as the living religious tradition, their relationships to each other, and their expression in Chinese culture and civilization. Topics include the Tao Te Ching, the Chuang-tzu, the Taoist canon, meditation, immortality, alchemy, and ritual. Cross-listed with AST 107 and RLST 107.

CHN 108. Introduction to Classical Chinese Poetry. (4)

Lecture, three hours; extra reading, three hours. Prerequisite(s): CHN 101C or equivalent or consent of instructor. Reading and explication of representative texts in various genres and forms, chosen to illustrate the development of classical Chinese poetry from its origin through the premodern age. Classes are conducted primarily in Chinese. Ye

CHN 110 (E-Z). Readings in Twentieth-Century Chinese Literature. (4)

Lecture, three hours; extra reading, three hours. Prerequisite(s): CHN 101C or equivalent or consent of instructor. Representative works of major authors. Readings and discussions are conducted in Chinese. E. Contemporary Chinese Fiction; M. Modern Chinese Fiction; S. Modern Chinese Poetry; W. Modern Chinese Prose.

CHN 115 (E-Z). Readings in Thirteenth- to Nineteenth-Century Chinese Literature. (4)

Lecture, three hours; extra reading, three hours. Prerequisite(s): CHN 101C or equivalent or consent of instructor. Vernacular literature from the Yuan to the Qing dynasties. Readings and discussions are conducted in Chinese. G. Honglou meng; M. Ming Novel; Q. Qing Novel; S. The Short Story; Y. Yuan Drama.

CHN 130A-CHN 130B-CHN 130C. Chinese Literature in Translation. (4-4-4)

Lecture, three hours; term paper, three hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Knowledge of Chinese not required. Lectures and collateral reading of representative works in English and translation. 130A: Poetry, historical records, essays, drama, and fiction from Earliest Times to the Yuan Dynasty (1368 A.D.); 130B: Drama and fiction from the fourteenth century to the end of the Qing Dynasty (1911 A.D.); 130C: Twentieth century poetry and fiction. Can be taken out of sequence. Cross-listed with AST 130A-AST 130B-AST 130C.

CHN 135. Great Novels of China. (4)

Lecture, three hours; extra reading, three hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Examines the social, philosophical, and aesthetic features in major Ming-Qing novels through critical reading and analysis of literature in translation. No knowledge of Chinese required. Cross-listed with AST 135.

CHN 136. Family and Gender in the Chinese Short Story. (4)

Lecture, three hours; extra reading, three hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Examines a broad array of short stories from the Tang to the Qing dynasties (approximately ninth to eighteenth century). Investigates love, marriage, family, gender dynamics, and the representation of women in Chinese literature. No knowledge of Chinese required. Cross-listed with AST 136.

CHN 142. Chuang-tzu. (4)

Lecture, one hour; discussion, two hours; outside research, one hour; extra reading, one hour; term paper, one hour. Prerequisite(s): RLST 005 or RLST 005H or AST 107/CHN 107/RLST 107 or consent of instructor. An examination of chaos, epistemological and linguistic relativism, fate, skill, and the character of the sage in perhaps the most significant of Chinese Taoist texts, the Chuang-tzu. Discussion of the structure and style of this literary masterpiece. Students with knowledge of classical Chinese may arrange additional work through special studies. Cross-listed with AST 142 and RLST 142.

CHN 148. Chinese Poetry and Poetics in Translation. (4)

Lecture, two hours; discussion, one hour; extra reading, three hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Examination of traditional Chinese poetry through the study of selected major texts, emphasizing forms, themes, and Chinese poetics in its close relation to the development of Chinese literature. Classes are conducted in English. Cross-listed with AST148.

CHN 185. New Chinese Cinema. (4)

Lecture, two hours; discussion, one hour; screening, two hours; extra reading, one hour. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. A study of representative films from the People's Republic of China, with a focus on those made during the last decade. Conducted in English; films to be shown from videocassettes are mostly with English subtitles. Cross-listed with AST 185. Ye

CHN 190. Special Studies. (1-5)

Individual study, three to fifteen hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. To be taken with the consent of the Chair of the Department as a means of meeting special curricular problems in either language or literature. Course is repeatable. Ye

CHN 195. Senior Thesis. (2-4)

Thesis, six to twelve hours. Prerequisite(s): senior standing; consent of instructor. Individual research and preparation of a thesis completed under the supervision of a faculty member. Course is repeatable to a maximum of 12 units.


JAPANESE

Subject abbreviation: JPN


Attention is directed to the Education Abroad Programs in Japan: one center is located in Tokyo and another in Yokohama. Contact International Services at (909) 787-4113.

Enroll in a concentrated beginning or intermediate study program at Fukuyama University, located near Hiroshima. Students may earn a year's worth of university language credit in one month. Contact Karen Diamond at International Education Programs for further information: (909) 787-4346.


LOWER-DIVISION COURSES

JPN 001-JPN 002-JPN 003. First-Year Japanese. (4-4-4)

Lecture, four hours. Prerequisite(s): none for JPN 001, JPN 001 or equivalent for JPN 002, JPN 002 or equivalent for JPN 003. An introduction to the sound system and grammar of Japanese with emphasis on speaking, reading, writing, and understanding. Classes conducted in Japanese insofar as possible.

JPN 004-JPN 005-JPN 006. Second-Year Japanese. (4-4-4)

Lecture, four hours. Prerequisite(s): JPN 003 or equivalent for JPN 004; JPN 004 or equivalent for JPN 005; JPN 005 or equivalent for JPN 006. 004: Introduces levels of speech and emphasizes reading and writing of advanced prose. 005: Concentrates on advanced speech levels and their cultural underpinnings. 006: Emphasizes the academic style of written and spoken Japanese and academic comprehension of the cultural background.

JPN 034. Early Japanese Civilization. (4)

Lecture, three hours; term paper, three hours. Prerequisite(s): none. An introduction to Japanese civilization from earliest times to the dawn of the twentieth century. Devotes particular attention to aesthetic activity and to the relationship between history, culture, and the arts. Cross-listed with AST 034.

JPN 035. Modern Japanese Society. (4)

Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Prerequisite(s): none. An introduction to Japanese culture and society with emphasis on the day-to-day lives of the modern Japanese people at home, work, and play. Cross-listed with AST 035.

JPN 090. Special Studies. (1-5)

Individual study, three to fifteen hours. To be taken with the consent of the Chair of the Department as a means of meeting special curricular problems in either language or literature. Course is repeatable.


UPPER-DIVISION COURSES

JPN 101A-JPN 101B-JPN 101C. Third-Year Japanese. (4-4-4)

Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Prerequisite(s): for JPN 101A: JPN 006; for JPN 101B: JPN 101A; for JPN 101C: JPN 101B. Designed to improve the students' abilities in reading, writing, and speaking Japanese. The entire sequence is conducted in Japanese. Interrelated to each other, the first quarter emphasizes reading Japanese materials, including newspaper articles; the second quarter, composition; and the third quarter, conversation.

JPN 141. Early Japanese Civilization and Its Literature. (4)

Lecture, three hours; outside research, three hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. An introduction to the civilization of early Japan and the literature it produced. Focuses on fiction, from early poem tales and court romances to warrior tales and stories of the floating world. Careful attention is given to their historical and cultural backgrounds and visual and artistic dimensions.

JPN 142. Modern Japanese Literature. (4)

Lecture, four hours. Prerequisite(s):upper-division standing or consent of instructor. The course covers major works of modern and contemporary Japanese literature in translation.

JPN 145. The End of the World in Japanese Literature. (4)

Lecture, three hours; outside research, three hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. From medieval warfare to technological apocalypse, this course examines how the "end of the world" is depicted in successive ages of Japanese literature. Works studied range from thirteenth-century warrior tales to current animation. All readings in translation.

JPN 150. In Women's Hands: Reading Japanese Women Writers. (4)

Lecture, three hours; term paper, three hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Examines major works of Japanese women writers from Heian (ninth century) to contemporary, focusing on themes, genres, representations of gender, ideas of love and romance, and feminine aesthetics. Readings include fiction, poetry, essays, and drama, with the main emphasis on fictional writing. Classes are conducted in English. Cross-listed with AST 150.

JPN 151. Early Japanese Literature. (4)

Lecture, two hours; discussion, one hour; term paper, three hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. An in-depth introduction to early Japanese literature. Focuses on fiction, from early poem tales and court romances to warrior tales and stories of the floating world. Careful attention is given to the works' historical and cultural backgrounds and visual and artistic dimensions. All works are read in English translation. Cross-listed with AST 151.

JPN 152 (E-Z). Themes in Modern Japanese Literature. (4)

Lecture, two hours; discussion, one hour; term paper, three hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. An introduction to modern Japanese literature in translation, as seen through the lens of a particular theme or issue. All materials are read or viewed in English. F: The Mask in Japanese Fiction. Cross-listed with AST 152 (E-Z)

JPN 184. Japanese Film and Visual Culture. (4)

Lecture, two hours; discussion, one hour; term paper, three hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Investigates popular visual culture in Japan primarily through film, from the early masters to contemporary directors. Additional material may be drawn from fields such as theatre, television, visual art, architecture, and illustrated fiction. All materials read or viewed in English. Course is repeatable to a maximum of 12 units. Cross-listed with AST 184, CPLT 184, and FVC 184.

JPN 190. Special Studies. (1-5)

Individual study, three to fifteen hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. To be taken with the consent of the Chair of the Department as a means of meeting special curricular problems in either language or literature. Course is repeatable.


KOREAN

Subject abbreviation: KOR


LOWER-DIVISION COURSES

KOR 001-KOR 002-KOR 003. First-Year Korean. (4-4-4)

Lecture, four hours. Prerequisite(s): for KOR 001, none; for KOR 002, KOR 001; for KOR 003, KOR 002. An introduction to the sound system and grammar of Korean with emphasis on reading, writing, understanding, and speaking.

KOR 004-KOR 005. Second-Year Korean. (4-4)

Lecture, four hours. Prerequisite(s): for KOR 004: KOR 003 or equivalent or consent of instructor; for KOR 005: KOR 004 or KOR 025 or consent of instructor. Emphasizes reading, writing, grammar, and conversation. KOR 005 is conducted primarily in Korean.

KOR 025. Conversation and Composition. (4)

Lecture, four hours. Prerequisite(s): KOR 003 or equivalent. Practice at the intermediate level in speaking and writing Korean. Regular discussion and oral presentation of assigned written topics. Provides a review of basic grammar with the goal of achieving oral and written command.